Diabetes Specialist Doctor in Lajpat Nagar Delhi
Book online appointment for Diabetes Specialist Doctor in Lajpat Nagar Delhi. Consultation with Best & Award Winning Dr. Monga Medi Clinic. They are specialist in controlling high sugar and reverse diabetes.
Diabetes Treatment and Causes: Understanding the Disease and Navigating Effective Solutions
Diabetes is a complex and prevalent chronic condition characterized by elevated blood glucose levels, commonly referred to as hyperglycemia. The disease affects the body's ability to produce or utilize insulin effectively, a hormone necessary for regulating blood sugar. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to serious health complications, including heart disease, kidney damage, nerve damage, vision problems, and more. Understanding the causes of diabetes and the various treatment options available is crucial for managing the condition and improving the quality of life for those affected.
Types and Causes of Diabetes:
a) Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. The exact cause of Type 1 diabetes is not entirely understood, but genetic predisposition and environmental triggers are believed to play a role. You Can Call to our Diabetes Specialist Doctor in Lajpat Nagar Delhi.
b) Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 diabetes, the most common form of diabetes, develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin or fails to produce enough of it to meet the body's demands. Several factors contribute to Type 2 diabetes, including genetics, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits, and age.
c) Gestational Diabetes: Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy when hormonal changes interfere with insulin function, resulting in elevated blood sugar levels. While the condition usually resolves after childbirth, women with gestational diabetes have an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life.
d) Other Forms of Diabetes: There are several less common forms of diabetes, including monogenic diabetes, which results from genetic mutations, and secondary diabetes, caused by other medical conditions or medications.
Diabetes Treatment Approaches:
Insulin Therapy: People with Type 1 diabetes and some with Type 2 diabetes require insulin injections or use insulin pumps to regulate blood sugar levels.
Oral Medications: Type 2 diabetes can often be managed with various oral antidiabetic medications that work to improve insulin sensitivity, reduce glucose production in the liver, and enhance insulin secretion.
GLP-1 Receptor Agonists and SGLT-2 Inhibitors: These newer classes of medications have shown promising results in managing blood sugar levels and promoting weight loss in Type 2 diabetes patients.
Blood Sugar Monitoring: Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels using glucose meters or continuous glucose monitors (CGMs) helps individuals make informed decisions about their treatment plans.
b) Lifestyle Modifications:
Diet: Adopting a balanced and nutritious diet is essential in diabetes management. Emphasizing whole foods, fiber-rich carbohydrates, lean proteins, and healthy fats can help stabilize blood sugar levels and support overall health.
Exercise: Regular physical activity improves insulin sensitivity and helps maintain a healthy weight, making it a vital component of diabetes management.
Weight Management: Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight can significantly improve blood sugar control, especially in cases of Type 2 diabetes.
Stress Management: Chronic stress can impact blood sugar levels. Employing stress-reduction techniques, such as meditation, yoga, and relaxation exercises, can be beneficial.
c) Diabetes Education and Self-Care:
Diabetes Education Programs: Participating in diabetes education programs provides individuals with the knowledge and skills to manage their condition effectively.
Self-Monitoring: Learning to monitor blood sugar levels, administer insulin injections, and make dietary adjustments empowers patients to take control of their diabetes management.
Addressing Diabetes Complications:
a) Cardiovascular Complications: Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. Managing blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood sugar can help prevent cardiovascular complications.
b) Diabetic Neuropathy: Nerve damage due to diabetes can cause pain, tingling, and loss of sensation in the extremities. Managing blood sugar levels and using medications to alleviate symptoms are essential in diabetic neuropathy treatment.
c) Diabetic Retinopathy: Regular eye examinations and early detection are critical in preventing or slowing the progression of diabetic retinopathy, which can lead to vision loss.
d) Diabetic Nephropathy: Monitoring kidney function and managing blood pressure are key in preventing kidney damage associated with diabetes.
Instant Consultation on call Diabetes Specialist Doctor in Lajpat Nagar Delhi. Diabetes is a chronic condition that requires lifelong management, but it is possible to lead a fulfilling life with the right approach. Understanding the different types and causes of diabetes empowers individuals and healthcare providers to develop personalized treatment plans. A combination of medical management, lifestyle modifications, and diabetes education can significantly improve blood sugar control and reduce the risk of complications. Early diagnosis, regular monitoring, and proactive measures are essential in effectively navigating diabetes and achieving a better quality of life for those living with this condition. By promoting awareness and support, we can work towards a world where diabetes is better understood and better managed, improving the health and well-being of millions of people worldwide.
- Type-1 Diabetes Type 1 diabetes happens when your immune system destroys cells in your pancreas called beta cells.
- Type-2 Diabetes Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose) ï¿½ an important source of fuel for your body.
- Gestational Diabetes (GD) It refers to the onset or initial recognition of glucose intolerance during pregnancy, usually in the second or third trimester.
- Others There are also genetic defects of blood sugar, beta cells of pancreas, exocrine disease of pancreas, endocrinopathies, drug induced diabetes.
Signs & Symptoms of Diabetes
It includes symptoms like
- Excessive thirst and hunger feeling
- Frequent urination, mostly during night
- Blurring of vision (diabetic retinopathy)
- Tiredness feeling all time
- Unexplained weight loss
- Delayed wound healing (diabetic foot ulcer)
Causes of Diabetes:
- Familial predisposition
- Lack of Physical activity like yoga & exercise
- Mental & Environmental stress
- Irregular meal times, too much sweet, sour, salty foods and drinks
- Foods that increase kapha, medhas and moothra
- Delayed wound healing (diabetic foot ulcer)
How to detect diabetes?
- Measure random blood sugar / fasting blood sugar
- A1C test
- Test urine & Ketones
How we manage Diabetes?
- We understand your case history.
- An on the spot blood suger test is done.
- HbA1c test is conducted.
- Diabetes educator clears your doubts
- An easy-to-do daily excercise regime is advised.
- An easy to follow diet plan is designed.
- Continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS - 336 hrs, non-stop) is offered, if needed.
- Your blood suger levels gradually become manageable.
- Our patient care exeutive follows-up with you regularly.
Prediabetes is a wake-up call that you're on the path to diabetes. If your Sugal Levels are higher than normal but in the Diabetes Range, then you are a Pre-Diabetic.
According to a report by The Week, there are around 80 million people with pre-diabetes in India. Most of them have not been diagnosed because pre-diabetes can only be detected through screening, and there are no symptoms at this stage.
|Plasma glucose test||Normal||Prediabetes|
|Random||Below 11.1 mmol/l Below 200 mg/dl||N/A|
|Fasting||Below 5.5 mmol/l Below 100 mg/dl||N5.5 to 6.9 mmol/100 to 125 mg/dl|
|2 hour post-prandial||Below 7.8 mmol/l Below 140 mg/dl||7.8 to 11.0 mmol/140 to 199 mg/dl|
None. Although most people with prediabetes have no symptoms, you might notice you're extra thirsty, pee a lot more, or have blurred vision or extreme fatigue.
Yes. Diabetes can affect many parts of your body, including your skin. When diabetes affects the skin, it's often a sign that your blood sugar (glucose) levels are too high. Among many signs
- Skin tags
- Yellow, reddish, or brown patches on your skin (Necrobiosis lipoidica)
- Darker area of skin around neck that feels like velvet (Acanthosis nigricans (AN))
- Hard, thickening skin on fingers, toes (digital sclerosis)
- Blisters (bullosis (bull-low-sis) diabetricorum)
- Shin spots or depressed lines on skin (diabetic dermopathy)
- Have a family history of type 2 diabetes
- Had gestational diabetes or gave birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
- Have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Are African-American, Native American, Latino, or Pacific Islander
- Are overweight or obese, especially around the middle (belly fat)
- Have high cholesterol, high triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol, and a high LDL cholesterol
- Don't exercise
- People over age 45 are most likely to get it.
Prediabetes makes you more likely to get heart disease or have a stroke. But you can take action to lower those risks.
Your doctor will give you one of three simple blood tests:
Fasting plasma glucose test. You won't eat for 8 hours before taking this blood test.
The results are:
- Normal if your blood sugar is less than 100
- Prediabetes if your blood sugar is 100-125
- Diabetes if your blood sugar is 126 or higher
Oral glucose tolerance test. First, you'll take the fasting glucose test. Then you'll drink a sugary solution. Two hours after that, you'll take another blood test.
The results are:
- Normal if your blood sugar is less than 140 after the second test
- Prediabetes if your blood sugar is 140-199 after the second test
- Diabetes if your blood sugar is 200 or higher after the second test
Hemoglobin A1C (or average blood sugar) test. This blood test shows your average blood sugar level for the past 2 to 3 months. Doctors can use it to diagnose prediabetes or diabetes or, if you already know you have diabetes, it helps show whether it's under control.
The results are:
- Normal: 5.6% or less
- Prediabetes: 5.7 to 6.4%
- Diabetes: 6.5% or above
If you do not want to become diabetic in near future, the top 3 things you must do are:
1. Weight control. If you're overweight, your prediabetes is more likely to turn into diabetes. Losing even as little as 5% to 10% of your body weight makes a difference.
2. Exercise. Get moderate exercise for 30 minutes a day, such as cycling, swimming, or brisk walking. It helps prevent and manage diabetes, studies show. Aerobic exercise, the kind that gets your heart rate up, is ideal. If you're not active now, check with your doctor first.
3. Nutrition. Go for meals that mix low-fat protein, vegetables, and whole grains. Limit calories, serving sizes, sugar, and starchy carbs. Favor fiber-rich foods, which help you feel full and not eat too much.
- Our approach is simple, yet effective. We have a team of qualified Diabetes Experts and Nutritionists who remain with the patient from diagnosis till recovery.
- We try not to put our patients on medication straightaway.
- We help them through counselling - where we educate them about Diabetes.
- We conduct few essential tests and discuss the results with the patients in details.
- We chalk out an easy to follow diet plan
- We work out an easy-to-do exercise regime.
- Lastly, we prescribe integrated medicines (combination of Ayurveda and Allopath) for instant and long lasting relief.
- Our team follows up with the Patient on regular basis so that they are encouraged to follow our prescription religiously